This move is often used to strengthen the truthfulness or authority of any given message. Nevertheless, among such news there is a huge amount of fictional claims from marginal websites, which ought to be examined. For example, Russian news outlet Vzglyad (Eng: View), which calls itself a “business newspaper”, wrote that the USA refused to accept the bodies of 13 CIA agents, allegedly killed in Ukraine. With this, the publication references a western website by the pretty title of “The European Union Times”. If we visit this site, we will discover that the link gets redirected to another site: WhatDoesItMean.com, a very famous and quite a marginal resource; it regularly publishes creations of a fictional character by the name of Sorcha Faal.
Having researched this writer, we discover that he regularly informs readers of “civil war” in USA; of the flight of major USA corporations to Russia due to fears of Obama; and so on. Furthermore, we can establish that The European Union Times is affiliated with WhatDoesItMean.com, and is accused of “insane propaganda of idiocy”.
An alternative [tactic] is the twisting of actual news from reputable mass media. For example, a number of websites reported that 27 crew members of the American Navy Destroyer Donald Cook had become frightened, and submitted their resignations (after a Russian Air Force Su-24 interceptor did a fly-by 12 times during the destroyer’s patrol of the Black Sea). A Pentagon representative was referenced: Colonel Steven Warren, who had supposedly given an interview to the Reuters agency. In reality, Warren did indeed speak to the agency, but there was no talk of fright; this can be ascertained by visiting the agency’s website.
Therefore always try to find the source of the news, or the news’ pretext.
But the main condition for identification of a fake is critically thinking about the information you’re presented with. Informational warfare is a very important element of confrontation between countries, so try not to take information on faith, without having been fully convinced of its validity.